When you start thinking about the best camera for macro photography, the first choice to come to mind is point and shoot camera. This is the easiest choice for reasons I will explain later.
The main choices for best camera for macro photography are point and shoot camera and single lens reflex camera. Choice of film and digital is there but the easy and practical nowadays is the digital. In film cameras you know the result once the film is developed while in digital you can instantly see the results.
Point & Shoot (P&S) Camera
Point and shoot cameras are the small compact cameras with a retracting lens (zoom lens) and a small flash built in the camera.
P&S have a mode called macro. It is sometimes written as M on the mode dial. This is the easiest way to use macro. Just dial in the macro mode and start using the macro mode. The camera automatically adjusts everything for macro photography. It cannot get easy than that. It is very good for learning the basics. You can carry it with you all the time and try your hand anytime an opportunity presents itself.
The point and shoot can focus very close to the subject however it will not give you an image of 1:1 meaning life size image in photo. You can get very close to the subject without disturbing / scaring it. You can use the built in flash for macro photography, but as it is on one side of the lens the light might not be the best one.
Single Lens Reflex (SLR) Camera
The SLRs are made to cater from beginner to the professional photographer. SLRs can be customized for your usage for any kind of photography. The downside is that SLRs are bulky and expensive than point and shoot.
SLR gives you the option to use specialized lenses as per your requirement. You can change lenses to do portraits, sports, macro or landscape photography. You can use a dedicated macro lens like Canon EF 100mm Macro 2.8 Lens or you can use some techniques with a reverse lens / bellows to get macro shots. You can also use dedicated flashes for macro photography or you can make some improvised flash setup at home. The possibilities with SLRs are unlimited for macro photography and you can get the best result for macro photography.
The choice of best camera for macro photography depends upon your requirements and the way you intend to use it.
- If you intend to carry it all the time in your pocket and a decent image is all you want then a point and shoot camera is the best choice.
- If you are looking for professional quality photographs and are not encumbered by a heavy setup comprising of SLR body, lenses and flash then SLR camera is the best choice for you in macro photography.